Info on Calvillo


Calvillo is a town and its surrounding municipality of the same name in the Mexican state of Aguascalientes. The town serves as municipal seat of the municipality. Calvillo is the second most populated city in the state, surpassed in importance only by the capital city. It is located to the western part of the state, at about 52 kilometers of the city of Aguascalientes. It stands at 21°51'N, 102°43'W in the southwestern corner of the state. It is bounded by Jalisco and Zacatecas. The municipality, which has an area of 931.26 km² (359.56 sq mi), reported a population of 50,183. The town of Ojocaliente is another significant community in the municipality. Calvillo is one of the richest, most prosperous municipalities in Aguascalientes.
During the French invasion of Mexico, the north part of the valley of Huajuacar in which Calvillo lays, was occupied by the French. At the time, they intermixed with the descendants of Spaniards which already inhabited the south part of the valley. This fact made Calvillo the municipality with most Caucasian-origin inhabitants in the state, compared with the other municipalities.
Calvillo has to offer several attractions and interesting places. One of them is the Main Square, dated from 1778 is famous for its orange trees In this square is Eagle Trail which indicates the Independence route. The temple of our Lord of the Salitre, built in 1772, in which interior the paintings are considered true jewels of religious art. The beautiful dome toppling the church has an exceptional size and diameter. Its rarest feature is that it is made as a single architectural piece; so, for domes like this one, there exist only five in the whole world. There are also exquisite frescoes depicting the life of St Joseph, the patron of the city. The Guadalupe Temple is another important church with majestic towers.
Another interesting place is the Malpaso Dam. The outskirts of Calvillo are a magnet for tourists. The Sierra del Laurel, south of the town, is a prolongation of Sierra Fría and highly sought-after by rock climbers because of its steep sides. Also nearby are the La Cordorniz Dam, and the ex-convent of the Tepozán, where, at the bottom of the gully, there is a rocky area with cave paintings. The prehistoric paintings of El Tepozan show diverse figures in different colors imprinted in various eras. Very close to these two attractions, in the town of La Panadera, it is still practiced the old craft of embroidery and unthreading or "deshilados", the state's craft by excellence.
Calvillo is the largest guava producer in Mexico and famous for its superb confectionery and liqueurs made from this fruit, which you can sample at the Guava Fair held during the first week of December.
The economy in Calvillo is centered on the guava, although there is other agriculture and a great deal of commerce. Calvillo is better known as the world capital of the guava
En Espanol
NOMENCLATURA
Toponimia
Lleva el nombre de Calvillo, en honor a su benefactor. Escudo
El escudo se compone de cimera, un casco o yelmo de caballero en honor al fundador del estado, el célebre capitán Juan de Montoro.
Sombrean el sable y lambrequín, hojas de acanto al natural, representando el desenvolvimiento de los once fundadores que acompañaron a Montoro. En la parte media de los cuadrantes se encuentra un libro abierto señalando el artículo 115 constitucional, en el cuadrante de la parte inferior izquierda se encuentra la Parroquia de San José y unos arcos que fueron erigidos al inicio de su fundación.
En la parte superior izquierda se encuentran unas manos sosteniendo unas guayabas, que significan el principal producto de la región. En la parte superior derecha se encuentra el Señor del Salitre, al que se le rinde culto en la región. En el cuadrante de la parte inferior se encuentra la presa de Malpaso y el cerro del Espinal. Enmarcando los cuadrantes se observan los siguientes lemas: tierra pródiga, gente laboriosa, fruto generoso y Valle de Huejúcar.
HISTORIA
Reseña Histórica
Su origen se da con el establecimiento de una congregación de indios nahuas de San José de Huejúcar, que significa "lugar de sauces". Más tarde, Don José Calvillo, dueño de la Hacienda San Nicolás, hizo una donación de tierra para la fundación del pueblo, lo cual fue hecho por el Gobernador de la Mitra de Guadalajara, Manuel Colón de Larreategui, el 18 de noviembre de 1771.
Personajes Ilustres
Don José Calvillo
Donó las tierras para asentar lo que fuera Congregación y Villa convertida en ciudad a partir de febrero de 1848.
Don José María Gallegos
Destacado estudioso de las ciencias naturales, especialmente en los estudios de la flora nacional y, dentro de ella, de la flora marítima.
Cronología de Hechos Históricos
Año Acontecimiento
1665 En terrenos del Salitre y Salitrillo, los más importantes de la región, se fueron estableciendo algunos indios nahuas, los que habitaron este lugar, reconociéndose sus ejidos por el Virrey de Leyva Sin embargo, el español López de Nava los arrojó de ahí y ocupó sus tierras.
1771 Don José Calvillo, dueño de la hacienda de San Nicolás, hizo una donación de tierra para la fundación del pueblo de Huejúcar, lo cual fue hecho oficialmente el 18 de noviembre por el señor canónigo y doctor Manuel Colón de Larreategui con el nombre del Valle de Huejúcar.
1848 Fue elevado a categoría de Villa en 1848 con el nombre de Calvillo en honor a su benefactor.
More in English
calvillo
Located on the west side of the state, Calvillo was a settlement of Nahua Indians of San José Huejúcar, and it means "Place of Willows." José Calvillo, owner of the Hacienda of San Nicolás, donated the land for the town's founding, which was done by the governor of Guadalajara, Manuel Colón de Larreategui on November 18, 1771.
Famous for its guava production, Calvillo offers very interesting places such as the Main plaza, which dates back to 1778. The chapel of El Señor del Salitre, built in 1772 has true picturesque jewels in its paintings.
The Sanctuary of Guadalupe is decorated with paintings that are wallpaper and have images of the Guadalupe Virgin. In El Tepozán, you can admire wall paintings that are anthropomorphic figures of diverse colors, with various other paintings detailing different eras. One of the recreational sites that Calvillo has is the Malpaso dam, where you can practice water sports and fishing.
The Laurel mountain range is an elongation of the Sierra Fría. Here mountain climbers, which enjoy a great level of difficulty, will find cliffs and elevated column mountains, which constitute a great challenge. In the Laurel mountain range you can find beautiful sites such as the Alisos waterfall.
Calvillo is one of the most prosperous townships in Aguascalientes; its traditional guava fair is a main attraction for tourists, and takes place during the first days of December.