Info on Playas de Rosarito


Playas de Rosarito is a municipality in the northwestern part of the Mexican state of Baja California. It lies just south of the city of Tijuana. Its municipal seat is the town of Playas de Rosarito. According to the 2005 census, the municipality had a population of 73,305 inhabitants. Its area is 513.32 km² (198.19 sq mi).
Major communities
Ampliación Ejido Plan Libertador
Colonia Santa Anita
Ejido Morelos
Playas de Rosarito
Primo Tapia
Playas de Rosarito is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California and seat of the municipality of the same name. It is located approximately 35 minutes south of the U.S. border in Tijuana. It is a popular destination for college students and young people in general from the United States for Memorial Day weekend and Labor Day weekend. It boasts miles of beaches, hotels, and dance clubs. Nearby at Popotla are the Fox Studios where many scenes from the movie Titanic were filmed. Some of the sets from the movie are now part of a museum located there.
History
Native Tribes
In centuries past, the Baja California Peninsula was inhabited by tribes of natives, notably the Pai Pai, Cochimi, Kiliwa, Cucupa and Kumiai. The Kumiai settled in the Rosarito Beach area, naming it Uacatucay, (which translates to "the big house") and traces of their everyday life such as arrowheads, stone kitchen utensils, mortar, have been discovered. These artifacts provide a rich source of information regarding their lifestyles and the first stage in Rosarito's evolution. Today, the modern day Kumiai are reduced to a population of ninety three, in the area of San José de la Zorra just 30 kilometers east of La Misión Village.
Missions
The second stage in Rosarito's evolution, referred to as the "Missional", began with the arrival of the Spaniards in 1533, who began the establishment of missions throughout the peninsula and the evangelization of the native Kumiais.
Rosarito Coastline.In 1767 the Jesuits were expelled from Mexico in a political-religious decision. The Franciscans were asked to take over the administration of the missions. In 1772, a concordat (agreement) was signed between the King of Spain – with the support of the Viceroy of New Spain (Mexico) and the Pope – and the leaders of the Dominican and Franciscan monks resulting in the division of California in 1773, using the local mountain range that meet the sea at Calafia. The Palou Frontier was establish as the dividing line between Nueva (new) or Alta (upper) California and Antigua (old) or Baja (lower) California.
The Franciscans took control of Alta California and everything north of the Palou Frontier (including the state of California, USA) was their domain. Alternately the Dominicans controlled everything south of the frontier in Baja California. Fifteen years later, en 1788, the De Sales Frontier was establish and the boundary between the two Californias was relocated to the site of the Rosarito Creek.
Ranching
The third stage in Rosarito's history began with the establishment of the big ranches. The property of El Rosarito Ranch, granted to Don José Manuel Machado on 1825, stands out as the first in the area. Subsequently his son, Don Joaquín Machado, applied for title to the land to President Porfirio Díaz. On May 14, 1885, Machado received his title and registered it in Ensenada, then the capital city of the state of Baja California. May 14 is now recognized and celebrated as Rosarito's Foundation Day by the Historical Society of Rosarito.
Tourism
The fourth stage of Rosarito's history was centered around tourism. It began with the Barbachano family's establishment of the Rosarito Beach Hotel and Rene's bar in 1925. The family, who have been prominent in politics and culture in Mexico since the early 19th century, also built the first highway, allowing tourists from San Diego to visit the area.
While Prohibition was the law of the land, many North Americans who found it difficult to give up alchohol began to cross the border into Mexico, where drinking was still legal. Tijuana seemed to attract a more "speakeasy" type clientel, and Rosarito became a haven for the more well-heeled and Hollywood set. Rosarito was visited by Hollywood film stars such as Orson Welles and Dolores del Rio who were attracted by hunting (deer, quail and rabbit) and fishing (lobster, abalone). While Rita Hayworth, (a Tijuana native) was married to Prince Aly Khan, son of Aga Khan, the two would visit the Rosarito Beach Hotel, take over an entire floor, and bring their own staff, including a personal chef. Other Hollywood visitors included Mickey Rooney, Ava Gardner, Spencer Tracy and Katherine Hepburn. In early 2008, Britney Spears made a one day trip to Rosarito in an attempt to avoid the paparazzi; she failed.
A Barbachano descendant, Hugo Torres Chabert led the drive to incorporate the city in 1995, and was appointed to a three year term as Mayor. In 2007, Torres Chabert ran for election and was overwhelmingly elected to a new three year term. The subject of rising crime rates and police corruption were major issues in the campaign. Torres Chabert, as owner of the Rosarito Beach Hotel, was deeply concerned about the safety of tourists, and pledged strong action to deal with both issues. In early 2008, both federal and state police were ordered into the city (along with neighboring Tijuana) to reinforce the city's efforts.
Now days, Rosarito offers more than 900 hotel rooms from 25 resorts, hotels & motels (Las Rocas Resort & Spa, Corona Hotel, and more); marvelous golf courses and luxurious spas. Around 2005 a real estate boom began in Rosarito and what is often called "the Baja Gold Coast." Within a few years, scarcely a piece of oceanfront property large enough for a condominium resort was left unsold to developers. Even Donald Trump associated his name with a project north of Rosarito Beach just over the Tijuana city limits.
The market was driven by equity-rich North American Baby Boomers who were looking for a second home. When the real estate market slumped in 2007, it's impact was felt in Baja, but most developers are biding their time until the market returns.
In the last week of June, there is a big vollebyall tournament at the nearby Estero Beach.
The well-known lobster village, Puerto Nuevo sprang up fifteen minutes south of Rosarito, originally as a fishermen's neighborhood who would offer the daily catch in their living room, and now is a tourist/culinary destination. Lobster, rice and beans, washed down with Margaritas is the "comida del dia." Lobster "Puerto Nuevo Style" can be advertised anywhere in Baja, where the recipe is lobster, doused with butter and grilled, although if a customer insists it will be prepared in the traditional method.
Farming
The Ejido and fifth stage in Rosarito's history began with the inception of Ejidos, common land for farming, when, on August 17, 1930, General Lázaro Cárdenas, then President of Mexico, issued a resolution granting 46.71 square kilometres (over 10,000 acres) of land to a community of local farmers known as Ejido Mazatlán.
Urbanization
Urbanization in 1950 marked the sixth stage in Rosarito's development with the planning and construction of streets and city blocks. As land sales soared, coupled with the construction of small restaurants, some shops and two hotels, the city began to take shape.
In the 1960s, Rosarito entered the commercial/industrial era with the constructions of a huge thermoelectric power plant and the later installations of Pemex, the state-owned petroleum company.
Construction
This seventh stage in Rosarito's evolution was marked with further construction and the development of shopping centers and more restaurants and shops were established along the main street. This street has been renovated and enlarge to encompass four lanes and a lighted meridian strip and was officially designated Boulevard Benito Juárez in the year 1989.
During the 1970s and early 1980s, Rosarito's growth was moderate but constant. The mid-1980s, however, was marked with the strong development of tourist related businesses of obviously considerable investment.
In the early 1990s appreciable economic growth was achieved by the construction and competition of numerous hotels, condominiums and shopping centers.
The impact of cityhood on modern Rosarito Beach cannot be understated. Prior to incorporation, all tax revenue was filtered through the coffers of Tijuana, who treated Rosarito like a "poor stepchild." Post incorporation has marked major improvements in infrastructure. Due to growth, some streets are indeed still unpaved, however the vast majority of streets have been improved with pavement, curbs and street lights. The major downtown corridor, Boulevard Benito Juarez, is on a steady rejuvination plan, where all new period street lights, wide sidewalks, curbs and gutters are being constructed.
On the site of the city fairgrounds in North Rosarito, a new "Rosarito Pabellion" (Pavilion) began construction in late 2007. Said to become the largest shopping center in Baja Norte, it will include major anchors, (Home Depot, Wal-Mart) multi-plex theaters, and chain restaurants such as Applebee's and VIPs.
South of the commercial center along Boulevard Benito Juarez, a new, widened four lane Boulevard Popotla is rapidly developing a reputation as a target area for hand-crafted "rustico" furniture, metal sculpture, and boutique art studios and galleries. It is in this area that thae former Fox Studios was located, and Foxploration, a Universal Studios type attraction still remains.
Incorporation
On December 1, 1995, Rosarito was converted from a suburb of Tijuana, to an independent city. Hugo Torres Chabert, current owner of the Rosarito Beach Hotel led the incorporation drive and was subsequently appointed to a three year term as Mayor. The territory surrounding the city became the fifth municipio (municipality) of the State of Baja California, this being the eighth stage of the history of Rosarito.
More History

In centuries past, the California peninsula was inhabited by tribes of natives, notably the Pai Pai, Cochimi, Kiliwa, Cucupa and Kumiai. The Kumiai settled in the area we now know as Rosarito naming it UACUATAY (which translates to "the big house"). Traces of their everyday life such as arrowheads, stone kitchen utensils, mortars, etc., have been discovered. These artifacts provide a rich source of information regarding their lifestyles and the first stage in Rosarito's evolution. Today, in the area of San Jose de la Zorra just 30 kilometers east of La Mision Village, descendants of the Kumiai can still be found.
The second stage in Rosarito's evolution, referred to as the "Misional", began with the arrival of the Spaniards in 1533. So named because it marked the establishment of missions throughout the peninsula and the evangelization of the native tribes, a total of 28 missions were founded by the Jesuit, Dominican and Franciscan monks in what we now know as Baja California. The Palou Frontier was established in 1773 as the dividing line between Nueva (new) or Alta (upper) California and Antigua (old) or Baja (lower) California. In 1788, the De Sales Frontier was established and the boundary between the two Californias was relocated to the site of the Rosarito Creek.
The third stage in Rosarito's history began with the establishment of the big Ranchos. The property of El Rosarito Ranch, granted to Don Jose Manuel Machado on 1825, stands out as the first in the area. Subsequently his son, Joaquin Machado, applied for title to the land to then President Porfirio Diaz, and, on May 14th, 1885, title was granted and registered in la Ensenada de Todos los Santos, then capitol city of Baja California. May 14 is now recognized and celebrated as Rosarito's Foundation Day by the Historical Society of Rosarito.
The fourth stage of Rosarito's history is known as the "Touristic". It began with the establishment of Rene's in 1925 and the Rosarito Beach Hotel in 1926. Rosarito has been visited by tourists since 1874 (Source: San Diego Union), attracted by hunting (dear, quail and rabbit) and fishing (lobster, abalone).
The "Ejidal" and fifth stage in Rosarito's history began with the inception of Ejidos (common land for farming) when, on August 17, 1930, General Lazaro Cardenas, then President of Mexico, issued a resolution granting 4,671 hectares (over 10,000 acres) of land to a community of local farmers known as Ejido Mazatlan.
The beginnings of urbanization in 1950 marks the sixth stage in Rosarito's development with the planning and construction of streets and city blocks. As land sales soared, coupled with the construction of small restaurants, some shops and two hotels, the city began to take shape.
In the 1960's Rosarito entered the commercial/industrial era with the construction of a huge thermoelectric power plant and the later installation of Pemex, the Mexican Gas Company.
This seventh stage in Rosarito's evolution was marked with further construction and the development of shopping centers as more restaurants and shops were established along the main street. This street has been renovated and enlarge to encompass four lanes and a lighted meridian strip and, in 1989, was officially designated Boulevard Benito Juarez. During the seventies and early eighties, Rosarito's growth was moderate but constant. The mid-eighties, however, were marked with the strong development of tourist related businesses of obviously considerable investment. Available hotel rooms in Rosarito are up from 350 to over 2000 now.
In the early 1990's appreciable economic growth was achieved by the construction and completion of numerous hotels, condominiums and shopping centers. On December 1, 1995, Rosarito became the fifth Municipality (county) of the State of Baja California, this being the eight stage of the history of Rosarito.
Travel Tips

General recommendations
>Prior to traveling, log on to the Baja California State Tourism Secretariat site: http://www.discoverbajacalifornia.com
>It is recommended to register with your consulate when you visit our country.
>It is strongly recommended that you obtain full coverage insurance.
>In case of accident notify the insurance company.
>While driving respect and obey traffic signs.
Immigration
If you are visiting Mexico for less than 72 hours and traveling only north of Ensenada, you do not need to file any paperwork with immigration. Just bring your proof of citizenship (passport, birth certificate, or even driver's license) if you are American, or your passport and visa if you are a citizen of another country, for re-entry to the US.
If you are staying for longer than 72 hours, and/or traveling to Ensenada or anywhere farther south, you need a tourist card. You can get this visa at either the Mexican consulate closest to your home town or at the Immigration office near the border entrance. Make sure you have one of the following proofs of citizenship in order to obtain your tourist card:
>Passport
>Birth Certificate, accompanied by a photo I.D. or
>Voter’s Card, accompanied by a photo I.D.
It is necessary to have the migratory form with you while you remain in Mexico, and turn it in when you leave the country. Minors must come accompanied by their parents, or have a notarized letter from the absent parent, authorizing their leaving the country.
Customs
Tourists are permitted to enter Mexico with their personal effects and other articles necessary for their stay in the country. The Customs General Office, part of the Secretariat of Treasury and Public Credit, distributes brochures describing duty-free articles.
>To carry weapons without a permit is a federal offense in México.
>Importing sports weapons requires an updated permit, which may be granted by any Mexican consulate.
>Upon entry into México, declare all electronics equipment valued at more than $50. This applies to items that will be given as gifts. Provide a receipt for each item showing the value
It is against the law for a tourist to bring into México:
>Firearms, cartridges, bullet clips, explosives, chemical substances associated with weapons, ammunition, munitions, and other weapons (unauthorized buying and selling such items in México is a federal crime carrying severe penalties)
>All substances, products, goods and items regulated by Mexican trade laws
>Narcotics and other street drugs
>Items that carry diseases or harmful biological vectors (such as soil, hay or cattle feed, straw or artifacts made with straw, home made foods, fresh, dried, frozen, or canned meat and meat products, such as cold cuts, or smoked, salted, or preserved meats, coming from unauthorized countries.)
>It is against the law for a tourist to take from México:
>Archeological jewels or gems or historical objects.
>Wild flora or fauna.
>All substances, products, goods and items regulated by Mexican trade laws.
>Fruits and vegetables that are not on the permitted list.
>Pork meat (except canned pork meat is permitted).
>Chicken meat (except cooked meat is permitted).
>More than one liter of an alcoholic beverage per person. (Adults Only)
>More that $10,000 (without declaring the amount to U.S Customs).
For more information visit the customs web site at www.customs.gov.
Temporary Importation of Vehicles
If you travel only in Baja California and Baja California Sur, you don’t need to import your vehicle. If you're traveling to other states in Mexico, please see the instructions for temporarily importing your vehicle (http://www.discoverbajacalifornia.com/permits/vehicles.htm)
Security
The most important thing is to use common sense when traveling, just as you would at home. Our police and security guards throughout Rosarito are here to help you; feel free to ask questions or report suspicious behavior. For additional help, use our 24-hour Tourist Assistance Hotline 078.
ATMs
ATM machines are conveniently located all along the B. Juarez Blvd. in the tourist center of Rosarito. Most will provide only pesos, automatically using the current conversion rate when taking money from your bank account.
Public Transit
Taximeters are not widely used in Baja, when using a taxicab make sure to negotiate the fare before boarding.
Have exact fare for public transportation.
Medical Emergency (transfers to the USA)
Emergency Ambulance Transfer Service to the U.S. can be arranged through Medic One Medical: within Baja: 01(800) 027-3320, in the USA (888) 901-7037 and (619) 247-6768.
Further assistance can be obtained from the Baja California Visitor Assistance Hot Line 078 or any local office of the State Secretary of Tourism.
Party Tips
Smart drinking is always recommended when visiting bars or nightclubs: always be aware of what you are being served, never leave your drink unattended and do not drink excessively. Use common sense and enjoy the experience of Mexico and Baja California. It's illegal to drink on the streets or in your car in Mexico.
Medicines
When buying any type of medication, make sure that there is no restriction for its purchase over the counter. If needed, be sure to have a prescription issued by a Mexican doctor. It is strictly prohibited to have excessive quantities of controlled medicines in your possession. Use common sense. For more information on bringing prescription into U.S visit the Customs Internet site:www.customs.ustreas.gov. Remember that if you purchase any medicine requiring a prescription and you buy it over the counter, you are at risk of being detained by the police authorities.
What should I do if I find myself in a traffic accident?
Dial the number 066 to notify the municipal police. Ask that a policeman and a police accident investigator come to the scene to make a report. Or you can call the Tourist Assistance Hotline 078.
Do not remove the vehicles that are involved in the accident.
Go with the accident investigator to the corresponding police station.
You have the right to call your vehicle insurance company representative to discuss the accident with the judge and the accident investigator to determine who was at fault.
If someone is injured, no matter how slightly, the person alleged to have done the injury must present himself at the State DA’s Office.
If no one is injured, the parties to the accident can go before a judge to make an agreement concerning payments for the repairs, thus avoiding going to the State DA’s office.
Police
If you are stopped by a police officer for a traffic violation, you should always politely insist on a written citation. When faced with a fine that you consider unfair, you can contest the fine by filing an appeal, either orally or in writing, for a municipal judge to review the fine. To do this, immediately go to the nearest municipal judge, you can also call our Tourist Assistance Hot Line 078.
Remember that Mexican laws are applied equally to local residents as well as visitors who find themselves in Mexican territory. Always remember to carry with you a valid photo ID.
It is unlawful to:
>Drink alcoholic beverages on the streets
>Drive a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or control substance.
>Enter a bar if you are under 18 years old.
>Disturb the peace.
>Possess or use of any type of drugs and control sustenance. >Possess, use, or transport firearms and narcotics.
Panhandlers
Every major city in the world has panhandlers. This social problem is common to urban areas. Their presence need not prevent people from enjoying Baja California and its amenities. We suggest using a combination of caution and respect around panhandlers and other strangers. Contributing to panhandlers will not help the problem. If you wish to help, contribute to a charity, mission, food bank or social service agency that assists the needy
Toll roads
The Tijuana-Tecate and Tijuana-Ensenada Toll Reads will provide you with ambulance service, towing service, additional night monitoring, and emergency medical service. Emergency phones are placed every mile on alternate sides of the toll read, and are marked with signs.
Green angels
This is an organization belonging to the Federal Tourism Secretariat. Their main function is to help tourists in case of a vehicle malfunction while on the Mexican highways. They also provide free mechanical service; they have a communication network with different government offices of the same branch and also offer basic tourist information about the State and the rest of the country.
Traffic tickets
If you are stopped by a police officer for a traffic violation you should always politely insist on a written citation that you could pay at the police station or by mail. Be aware that speed limits in México are set in kilometers (1 mile= 1.6 kms.) so that the speed limit on highways is 55 Miles per hour and within city limits it averages 15 miles per hour.
When faced with a fine that you consider unfair, you can contest the fine by filling an appeal, either orally or in writing, for a municipal judge to review the fine. To do this, immediately go to the nearest municipal judge; if you need help to do this call our Tourist Assistance Hot Line 078.
Just like in the United States, you can get a ticket and be issued with a fine for:
>running a red light.
>not having or not using the seat belt.
>using cellular phone while driving.
>driving without a valid driver’s license or car registration.
>drinking alcoholic beverages on the streets, sidewalks or public property. >exceeding the speed limit.
>driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs (DUI) In addition to the fine, you may also be detained.
:: Consulates ::
AUSTRIA
12792 -9 Fracc. Del Prado
Phone: (011-52) (664) 608-0222
CANADA
German Gedovius 10411, Zona Rió
Phone:(011-52) (664) 684-0461
CHINA
Lomas del Monte 1614, Fracc. Agua Caliente
Phone:(011-52) (664) 681-6771
FINLAND
Revolución Ave. 1662-121
Phone:(011-52) (664) 685-6330
GAMBIA
Ignacio Comonfort 9351, Zona Rió
Phone:(011-52) (664) 684-9868
GERMANY
Ave. Sonora 3697, Col, Chapultepec, Tijuana, B.C. 22020
Phone:(011-52) (664) 104-2943 -email: consulalemantij@gmail.com
HONDURAS
Revolución Ave.& corner of 6th St.
Phone:(011-52) (664) 688-3862
ITALY
Cañón Johnson 2108, Downtown
Phone:(011-52) (664) 688-2663
KOREA
H St. 940 between 3rd & 4th
Phone:(011-52) (664) 687-2843
NORWAY
E St., Downtown
Phone:(011-52) (664) 689-1208
SPAIN
Los Olivos 305, Fracc. Cubillas
Phone:(011-52) (664) 686-5780
SWITZERLAND
Revolución Ave. 606-9
Phone :(011-52) (664) 686-4502
UNITED KINGDOM
Salinas Blvd. 1500, Fracc. Aviación
Phone:(011-52) (664) 686-5320
UNITED STATES
Tapachula 96, Col. Hipódromo
Phone:(011-52) (664) 681-7400
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:: Tourism Offices ::
The State Government welcomes you to Baja California, and should you encounter any problems, please contact us or visit any office of the Department of Visitors Assistance & Facilitation:
Playas de Rosarito
Delegate: Fidelfa Marchessini de la Fuente
Kilómetro, 28 local 13-B carretera libre Tijuana- Ensenada.
Phone (661) 612-5222 Fax 612-0200
rosarito@turismobc.gob.mx
Tijuana
Vía de la Juventud # 8800-2523, Zona Río
Phone (664) 973-04-24 / 973-04-30
Ensenada
Delegate: Felizardo Palacios Pérez
1477 Lázaro Cárdenas Blvd. and Las Rocas St. Civic Center
Phone (646) 172-3022 / 172-3000 Fax 172-3081 / 3118 / 3135
ensenada@turismobc.gob.mx
Mexicali
Delegate: Claudia Schroeder Verdugo
No. 1 Benito Juárez Blvd. and Francisco Montejano 2nd. Floor.
Phone (686) 566-1277 / 566-1116 / 1739 / 1705
mexicali@turismobc.gob.mx
Tecate
Eva Raquel Garcia Rocha Delegate
Callejón Libertad, Downtown
Phone: (665) 654-1095 Fax 654-195
tecate@turismobc.gob.mx
San Felipe
Contact: Rolando Ortiz Gomez de Silva
300 Mar de Cortés Av. and Manzanillo St.
Phone (686) 577-1865 Fax 577-1155
sanfelipe@turismobc.gob.mx
Playas de Rosarito
Delegate: Fidelfa Marchessini de la Fuente
Kilómetro, 28 local 13-B carretera libre Tijuana- Ensenada.
Phone (661) 612-5222 Fax 612-0200
rosarito@turismobc.gob.mx
En Espanol

Historia
En siglos pasados, la península de California estaba habitada por tribus de nativos, los más notables fueron los Pai Pai, Cochimi, Kiliwa, Cucupa y Kumiai. Los Kumiai se asentaron el área que hoy conocemos como Rosarito y lo nombraron UACUATAY (que significa "La Casa Grande"). Vestigios de su vida diaria tales como puntas de flechas, utensilios de cocina hechos de piedra, etc, han sido descubiertos. Estos artefactos proveen de una fuente rica en información en cuanto a su estilo de vida y la primera etapa de la evolución de Rosarito. Hoy en día, en el área de San José de la Zorra a sólo 30 Kilómetros al este del poblado de La Misión, descendientes de los Kumiai aún pueden ser encontrados.
La segunda etapa de la evolución de Rosarito, descrita como la "Misional", inició con la llegada de los españoles en 1553. Llamada así porque marcó el establecimiento de misiones a lo largo de la península y la evangelización de las tribus nativas, un total de 28 misiones fueron fundadas por los Jesuitas, dominicanos y Franciscanos en lo que hoy conocemos como Baja California. La Frontera de Palau fue establecida en 1773 como la línea divisoria entre la Nueva y la Alta California y Antigua o Baja California. En 1788, La Frontera de Sales fue establecida y el límite entre las dos Californias fue reubicado a un costado del lago de Rosarito.
La tercer etapa en la historia de Rosarito inició con el establecimiento de los Grandes Ranchos. La propiedad de El Rancho Rosarito otorgado a Don José Manuel Machado en 1825, sobresale como el primero en el área. Enseguida su hijo Joaquín Machado, solicitó un título de propiedad al entonces Presidente Porfirio Díaz, y el 14 de Mayo de 1885, el título le fue otorgado y registrado en la Ensenada de Todos Santos, entonces ciudad Capital de Baja California. Mayo 14 es hoy reconocido y celebrado como el Día de la Fundación de Rosarito por la Sociedad Histórica de Rosarito.
La cuarta etapa de la Historia de Rosarito en conocida como "La Turística". Inició en el establecimiento del Rene's en 1925 y el Hotel Rosarito Beach en 1926. Rosarito ha sido visitado por turistas desde 1874 (Fuente: San Diego Union), atraídos por la caza (venado, codorniz y conejo) y la pesca (langosta, abulón).
La "Ejidal" y quinta etapa en la historia de Rosarito, comenzó con el inicio de Ejidos (tierra común para uso en agricultura) cuando, en Agosto de 1930, el General Lázaro Cárdenas, entonces Presidente de México, emitió una resolución otorgando 4,671 hectáreas (mas de 10,000 acres) de tierra a la comunidad local de granjeros conocida como Ejido Mazatlán.
Los inicios de urbanización en 1950 marcan la sexta etapa del desarrollo de Rosarito con la planeación y construcción de calles y cuadras de la ciudad. Conforme la tierra se fue vendiendo, a la par de la construcción de pequeños restaurantes, algunas tiendas y dos hoteles, la ciudad comenzó a tomar forma.
En los años de 1960 Rosarito, entró a la era comercial/industrial con la construcción de una gran Planta Termoeléctrica y enseguida la instalación de PEMEX, Petróleos Mexicanos.
Esta séptima etapa de la evolución de Rosarito fue marcada con más construcciones y el desarrollo de centros comerciales así como restaurantes y tiendas que fueron establecidos a lo largo de la calle principal. Esta calle ha sido renovada y alargada hasta formar cuatro carriles y un camellón al centro y, en 1989, fue oficialmente llamado Bulevar Benito Juárez. Durante los setentas e inicio de los ochentas el crecimiento de Rosarito fue moderado pero constante. Sin embargo, a mediados de los ochentas, estuvieron marcados con un fuerte desarrollo de negocios relacionados con el turismo, obviamente de considerables inversiones. Habitaciones disponibles en Rosarito han crecido de 350 a más de 2000 hoy en día.
A principios de 1990 un considerable desarrollo económico fue logrado mediante la construcción y término de numerosos hoteles, condominios y centros comerciales. El 1º de Diciembre de 1995, Rosarito se convirtió en el Quinto Municipio (ciudad) del Estado de Baja California, siendo esta la octava etapa en la historia de Rosarito.
consejos de viaje
La Oficina de Asistencia al Turista de la Secretaría de Turismo del Estado de Baja California es la responsable de proporcionar asistencia a todos los visitantes del Estado de Baja California. Llame a la línea de Asistencia al Turista disponible las 24 horas el día marcando 078 de cualquier teléfono público del estado.
Podemos ayudar a:
Proporcionarle intermediario en disputas entre un turista y un proveedor de servicios turísticos.
Proporcionarle información general para viajeros.
Coordinar a todos los niveles de gobierno e instituciones para ayudarle en cualquier situación de emergencia.
Recomendaciones Generales
Antes de viajar, conéctese a la página de la Secretaría de Turismo del Estado de
Baja California: http://www.descubrebajacalifornia.com
Es recomendable que avise a su consulado cuando viaje a nuestro país.
Se recomienda mucho que usted obtenga aseguranza con cobertura total.
En caso de accidente notifique a la compañía de seguros.
Mientras conduce respete y obedezca las señales de tráfico.
Migración
Si usted no es de México y está visitando México por menos de 72 horas y viaja solo hasta el norte de Ensenada, no necesitará llenar documentación con Migración. Solo traiga su prueba de ciudadanía (pasaporte, acta de nacimiento, o hasta la licencia de manejo) si usted es americano, o su pasaporte y visa si usted es ciudadano de otro país, para regresar a los Estados Unidos.
Si usted se va a quedar por más de 72 horas y/o viaja a Ensenada o a cualquier parte hacia el sur, usted necesita una tarjeta de turista. Usted puede obtener esta visa en el Consulado Mexicano más cercano a su ciudad o en la Oficina de Migración cerca de la entrada a la frontera. Asegúrese que tiene una de las siguientes pruebas de ciudadanía para poder obtener su tarjeta de turista:
Pasaporte
Acta de Nacimiento, acompañada de una identificación con fotografía o
Credencial de votaciones, acompañada de una identificación con fotografía
Es necesario tener una forma migratoria con usted mientras permanezca dentro de México, y devolverla cuando deje el país. Los menores de edad deberán venir acompañados por sus padres, o deberán contar con una carta notariada del padre ausente, autorizando a estos a salir del país.
Aduana
Se permite a los turistas que entren a México con sus artículos de uso personal y otros artículos necesarios para su estancia dentro del país. La Oficina General de Aduanas, parte de la Secretaría del Tesoro y Crédito Público, distribuye folletos describiendo los artículos libres de impuestos.
Portar armas sin un permiso es considerado un crimen federal en México.
Para la importación de armas deportivas se requiere un permiso actualizado, el cual puede ser otorgado por cualquier Consulado Mexicano.
A su entrada en México, declare todos los equipos electrónicos con valor de más de $50 dólares. Esto también aplica para artículos que se darán como regalos. Muestre el recibo de cada artículo mostrando el costo.
Es ilegal que un turista introduzca a México: Armas de fuego, cartuchos, balas, explosivos, sustancias químicas asociadas con armas, municiones, y otras armas (compra y venta sin autorización de tales artefactos dentro de México es un crimen federal que conlleva a severas penalidades).
Todas las substancias, productos, mercancías y artículos regulados por las leyes de intercambio mexicanas.
Narcóticos y otras drogas callejeras.
Artículos que acarreen enfermedades o vectores biológicos dañinos (tales como tierra, forraje o alimento para ganado, paja o artículos hechos con paja, alimentos hechos en casa, frescos, secos, congelados o carne enlatada o productos de carne, tales como carnes frías, o ahumadas, saladas o carnes de conserva, provenientes de países no autorizados).
Es ilegal que un turista se lleve de México:
Joyas o gemas arqueológicas u objetos históricos.
Flora o fauna salvaje.
Cualquier sustancia, producto, mercancía y artículos regulados por las leyes de intercambio.
Frutas y vegetales que no se encuentren en la lista autorizada.
Carne de puerco (excepto la carne de puerco enlatada está permitida)
Carne de pollo (excepto la carne cocinada está permitida)
Más de un litro de bebidas alcohólicas por persona (solo adultos)
Más de $10,000 dólares (sin declarar la cantidad ante aduana americana)
Para mayor información visite el sitio en Internet de aduana en www.customs.gov.
Importación Temporal de Vehículos
Si usted viaja solamente en Baja California y Baja California Sur, no necesita importar su vehículo. Si usted va a viajar a otros estados de México, por favor vea las instrucciones para importar temporalmente su vehículo (www.turismobc.gob.mx)
Seguridad
Lo más importante al viajar es utilizar el sentido común, tal como la haría en su hogar. Nuestra policía y guardias de seguridad en todo Rosarito están aquí para ayudarle; siéntase libre de hacer preguntas o de reportar conductas sospechosas. Para ayuda adicional, utilice nuestra línea de Asistencia al Turista las 24-horas marcando 078.
Transporte Público
Los taxímetros no son utilizados en Baja California, cuando haga uso de un taxi asegúrese de negociar la tarifa antes de abordarlo.
Tenga cambio exacto para transporte público.
Si necesita información pregunte por direcciones en negocios establecidos o en un centro de información turística, los empleados de hotel siempre son excelentes fuentes de información en cuanto a servicios y atractivos en Baja California. .
Emergencias Médicas (transportación a Estados Unidos))
Transporte de Emergencia en Ambulancia para los Estados Unidos puede ser arreglada a través de Medic One Medical: desde Baja California marque: 01(800) 027-3320, de los Estados Unidos marque (888) 901-7037 y el (619) 247-6768.
Si necesita más ayuda esta puede ser obtenida a través de la línea de Asistencia al Visitante de Baja California marcando al 078 o en cualquier oficina de la Secretaria de Turismo del Estado.
Consejos para Divertirse
Beber inteligentemente es siempre recomendable cuando visite bares o centros nocturnos: siempre ponga atención a lo que le está siendo servido, nunca deje su bebida sola y no beba excesivamente. Use su sentido común y disfrute la experiencia de México y Baja California. En México es ilegal ingerir bebidas alcohólicas en la vía pública o en su automóvil.
Medicinas
Cuando compre cualquier tipo de medicamento, asegúrese de que no hay ninguna restricción para su adquisición. Si es necesario, asegúrese de tener una prescripción extendida por un médico mexicano.
Está estrictamente prohibido tener en su posesión cantidades excesivas de medicinas controladas. Use su sentido común. Para mayor información en cuanto a llevar prescripciones a los Estados Unidos visite la página en Internet de Aduana en: www.customs.ustreas.gov. Recuerde que si usted adquiere cualquier medicamento que requiera prescripción y lo compra en el mostrador, usted corre el riesgo de ser detenido por la autoridad policíaca.
¿Que debo hacer si me veo involucrado en un accidente de tráfico?
Marque el número 066 para dar aviso a la policía municipal. Solicite que un policía y un perito experto en accidentes acudan a la escena para que elaboren el reporte. O usted puede marcar la línea de Asistencia al Turista al 078.
No mueva los vehículos que se encuentren involucrados en el accidente.
Acompañe al perito investigador del accidente a la estación de policía.
Usted tiene el derecho de llamar al representante de la compañía aseguradora de su vehículo para discutir el accidente con el juez y el perito investigador del accidente para determinar de quien fue la culpa.
Si alguien está lastimado, no importa que sea ligeramente, la persona que se presume cometió el accidente debe presentarse en la oficina del Ministerio Público.
Si nadie salió lastimado, los involucrados en el accidente pueden ir con el juez y hacer un acuerdo relativo al pago por reparaciones, evitándose de este modo ir a la oficina del Ministerio Público
Policía
Si usted es detenido por un agente de la policía por una violación de tráfico, usted debe insistir amablemente que se le de una infracción por escrito. Cuando se vea frente a una multa que usted considere injusta, usted podrá responder a la multa con una apelación, ya sea oral o por escrito, para que el juez municipal reconsidere la multa. Para hacer esto inmediatamente acuda al juez municipal más cercano, también puede llamar a la línea de Asistencia al Turista marcando el 078.
Recuerde que las leyes mexicanas se aplican de igual manera a los residentes locales y a los visitantes que se encuentren dentro del territorio Mexicano. Siempre recuerde traer consigo una identificación vigente con fotografía.
Es ilegal:
Ingerir bebidas alcohólicas en la vía pública.
Conducir un automóvil bajo la influencia del alcohol o sustancias controladas.
Entrar a un bar si se es menor de 18 años de edad.
Perturbar el orden.
Posesión o uso de cualquier tipo de drogas o sustancias controladas.
Posesión, uso, o transporte de armas de fuego y narcóticos.
Pordioseros
Todas las grandes ciudades del mundo tienen pordioseros. Este problema social es común en áreas urbanas. Su presencia no debe limitar a las personas del disfrute de Baja California y sus amenidades. Le sugerimos utilizar una combinación de precaución y respeto en cuanto a los pordioseros y otros extraños. Contribuir con los pordioseros no solucionará el problema. Si usted desea ayudar, contribuya a una beneficencia, misión, banco de alimentos o una agencia de servicio social que ayude a los necesitados.
Carreteras de paga
Las carreteras de paga de Tijuana-Tecate y Tijuana-Ensenada le proveen a usted de servicios de ambulancia, grúas, monitoreo nocturno adicional, y servicios médicos de emergencia. Teléfonos de emergencia se encuentran ubicados cada milla alternando lados de la carretera, y están marcados con señalamientos.
Ángeles Verdes
Esta es una organización que pertenece a la Secretaría Federal de Turismo. Su función principal es ayudar a los turistas en caso de una descompostura de su vehículo mientras se encuentra en las autopistas mexicanas. También proporcionan servicios mecánicos gratuitos; tienen una red de comunicación con otras oficinas de gobierno del mismo ramo y además ofrecen información turística básica sobre el estado y el resto del país
Multas de Tráfico
Si es detenido por un oficial de policía usted debe insistir amablemente en que se le de una infracción por escrito que puede pagar en la estación de policía o por correo. Esté conciente de que los límites de velocidad en México están marcados en kilómetros (1 milla = 1.6 km.) así que el límite de velocidad en las autopistas es de 55 millas por hora y dentro de los límites de la ciudad promedia 15 millas por hora.
Cuando se vea frente a una multa que usted considere injusta, usted podrá responder a la multa con una apelación, ya sea oral o por escrito, para que el juez municipal reconsidere la multa. Para hacer esto inmediatamente acuda al juez municipal más cercano, también puede llamar a la línea de Asistencia al Turista marcando el 078.
Al igual que en los Estados Unidos, se le puede extender una multa y ser multado por:
Pasarse un semáforo en rojo.
No tener o no utilizar el cinturón de seguridad.
Utilizar el teléfono celular mientras conduce.
Conducir sin licencia de manejo vigente o registro de su automóvil.
Ingerir bebidas alcohólicas en la calle, banquetas o propiedad pública.
Exceder el límite de velocidad.
Conducir bajo la influencia de alcohol o drogas (CBI) sumado a una multa, usted puede ser detenido.