Info de Morelia


Morelia capital del estado de Michoacán de Ocampo , donde la Majestuosa Catedral de Cantera domina el paisaje. Caminar por su Centro Histórico, cuyas amplias avenidas se encuentran flanqueadas por maravillosos monumentos civiles y religiosos de los siglos XVI al XIX, es un placer, pues se tiene la sensación de habitar otros tiempos, sus calles, que invariablemente culminan en algún templo o iglesia, fueron trazadas con la intención del rumbo de la fe. Morelia, la Antigua Valladolid lleva en su nombre el tributo de su pueblo a la memoria de Don José María Morelos y Pavón. Es la capital del estado de Michoacán y en su estilo noble y señorial muestra sus edificios hoy monumentos de la época virreinal
Atractivos


1 Templo de la Merced
2 Mercado de Dulces y Artesanías
3 Biblioteca Pública
4 Palacio Clavijero
5 Colegio de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
6 Planetario
7 Museo de Arte Contemporáneo 'Alfredo Zalce'
8 Iglesia y Convento de San Francisco (Casa de las Artesanías)
9 Cerrito Pelón
10 Parque comunal
11 Templo y Conservatorio de Música de las Rosas
12 Centro Cultural Universitario
13 Museo del Estado
14 Casa de Mariano Michelena (Preparatoria No. 5)
15 Palacio Municipal
16 Museo Regional Michoacano
17 Palacio de Justicia
18 Antigua Alhóndiga
19 Templo de los Agustinos
20 Casa Natal de Morelos
21 Catedral
22 Plaza de Armas o de los Mártires
23 Sanatorio del Sagrado Corazón
24 Ex-obispado
25 Museo de Arte Colonial
26 Templo y Ex Convento del Carmen
27 Palacio de Gobierno
28 Antigua Casa de Gabriel García Obeso (Bancomer)
29 Antigua Casa del Diezmo (Banamex)
30 Antigua Casa del Intendente José Ma. Anzorena
31 Antiguo Hospital de los Juaninos (Banco Bital)
32 Museo Casa de Morelos
33 Casa del Conde de Sierra Gorda
34 Templo de la Cruz
35 Iglesia de Capuchinas
36 Templo de las Monjas
37 Templo de San José
38 Nuevo Seminario Tridentino (Preparatoria Pascual Ortiz Rubio)
39 Palacio Federal
40 Plaza Villalongín
41 Las Tarascas
42 Acueducto
43 Calzada Fray Antonio de San Miguel
44 Bosque Cuauhtémoc
45 Museo de Historia Natural “Dr. Manuel Martínez Solórzano”
46 Estatua Ecuestre del Patriota Morelos
47 Santuario de Guadalupe y Ex Convento de San Diego
48 Parque Zoológico Benito Juárez
49 Museo de Geología y Mineralogía. “Dr. Genaro González Reyna”

Information in English


Morelia is the capital of the Mexican state of Michoacán de Ocampo. The city is located at 19°42'00?N, 101°11'00?W with an elevation of 1 921 meters (6302 feet) above sea level in the region of the Guayangareo valley, surrounded by the Punhuato and Quinceo hills. The city is the biggest in the state, and the population of the "conurbated area" was 642,314 people (608,049 in Morelia city), according to the census of 2005 (Segundo Conteo de Población y Vivienda 2005). The municipality of Morelia, of which the city serves as municipal seat, has an area of 1,199.02 km² (462.94 sq mi) and a population of 684,145. It includes such outlying towns as Morelos and Capula.
The metropolitan area includes the municipality of Tarímbaro, and had 735,624 inhabitants in the same year (2005).
The city's historic downtown area is a UN-designated World Heritage Site, and houses many beautiful colonial buildings and churches.
History


Before the arrival of the Spaniards, the region was inhabited by a people known as the Pirindas, and the place was called "Guayangareo". Morelia was oficially founded on May 18, 1541 by the first viceroy of New Spain Antonio de Mendoza, as "City of Michoacán". It was inhabited by fifty Spanish noble families and by Purepecha indians (brought from Patzcuaro and Tiripetio to serve the Spanish). In 1545, the name was changed to "Valladolid".
Unlike Patzcuaro, indigenous city of which was an enemy for a long time, Valladolid was essentially spanish, inhabited by conquistadors and their descendants, and by upstarts that came from the metropolis. In 1547 it got the title of city, and was given a coat of arms in 1553.
The rivalry between Patzcuaro and Valladolid occurred when they began a dispute about where the seat of the bishopric of Michoacan should locate. The Spaniards wanted Valladolid to be made into an episcopal city, but Vasco de Quiroga, who always defended the indians from the Spaniards, wanted this title to be granted to Patzcuaro. In 1571, six years after Vasco de Quiroga's death, the king of Spain Philip II upgraded Valladolid to an episcopal city.
In 1580, Valladolid replaced Pátzcuaro as the capital of Michoacán. During the colonial period a number of religious orders established themselves in the city, allowing it to take an important place in the history of art and culture in Mexico. Important architectural sites from the colonial period include the Catedral de Morelia, the Aqueduct (built between 1785 and 1789 by Fray Antonio de San Miguel), the Governor's Palace, the Palacio Clavijero, and numerous churches, convents, and houses. The Conservatorio de Música de las Rosas of Morelia was the first music conservatory in the Americas.
The city is the birthplace of José María Morelos (1765), after whom it was renamed in September 12, 1828, and who along with Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla began the Mexican War of Independence from Spain in 1810. It was also the birthplace of Agustín de Iturbide (1783), the first Emperor of Mexico and Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez.
Tour of Morelia


The Historic Downtown Area (Centro Histórico) encompasses approximately 150 city blocks at the city center, roughly corresponding to the urban area of the city at the end of the eighteenth century. The Centro Historico contains over 1,000 historical buildings and sites. One of the main attractions is the Catedral de Morelia, a cathedral built in the Baroque style. Also interesting is the Casa del Arte where you can find a large variety of high quality artisanal works. There are several other notable historical churches in town including the Templo de las Rosas annex to the Conservatorio de las Rosas, which are both examples of baroque architecture, and the Templo de San Diego (also known as Santuario de Guadalupe), built with an interpretation of the Rococo style using indigenous colors and techniques. The monumental aqueduct, built in colonial days to bring water into town, was functional through 1910. The inner city is built of reddish sandstone, lending the city a unique character among Mexico's many noteworthy colonial cities and giving origin to the name "Ciudad de las Canteras Rosas" that is sometimes used in reference to Morelia.
Morelia has three golf courses: "Club Campestre de Morelia" founded in 1968, which has 9 holes with great difficulty because of very large trees and beautiful lakes; "Tres Marias", a 27 hole Jack Nicklaus designed course that hosts the LPGA once a year; "Club Erandeni", which recently opened its fairways to the public. A fourth, designed by Carter Morrish, is under development in Bosque Monarca.
At the southern edge of the city is the Santa Maria mountain range, and is home to upscale residential districts, private sector schools and universities.