Morelos

Historical Description


A few years after the Spanish conquest of Mexico-Tenochtitlan, Hernan Cortes decided to transfer his home to Cuernavaca. For this reason, halfway through 1526 the region’s inhabitants began the construction of the palace which would become Cortes’ dwelling place and headquarters. It was built atop a hill, over the ruins of the Cuauhnahuac seignioralty, place where the tribute paid by the indians to the Mexicas was collected, thus showing its power before the indigenous people.
From the architectural point of view, the Palacio de Cortés shows its different construction stages. Built to be the palace of the conqueror and his family, in due time it became a Catholic temple, prison, the country’s seat of the federal government, of the state government and, finally, a museum.
The museum houses an important collection of objects of historical and artistical value which describe and illustrate the happenings of the state of Morelos. On the ground floor are the halls devoted to pre-Hispanic times, while the upper floor displays go from the colonial era to the post-revolution times in the region. On this same floor is a gallery whose arcade points to the Popocatepetl volcano. Here, Diego Rivera painted one of his most outstanding works, the mural known as Historia de Morelos, Conquista y Revolución (History of Morelos: Conquest and Revolution), summarizing said periods in the life of the state.

More on Morelos


The State of Morelos in Mexico, extending 4,950 sq.kms (1,820 sq.mi.) with an elevation of 1,000 to 3,300 mts (2,900-9,800 ft) above sea level and a population of approximately 1'555,296 is one of the smallest states of the Mexican Republic.
The State of Morelos received its name in honor of Jose Ma. Morelos y Pavon.
Cuernavaca, the state's capital is 1,500 mts (5,000 ft.) above sea level and has a climate ranging from moderate to semitropical.
The State of Morelos has a year round temperature of approximately 25ºC (77ºF) with low humidity and a raining season from the end of May until September.
A modern freeway communicates Mexico City to Cuernavaca, at a distance of 90 kms (52 mi.) south.
The state of Morelos which prior to the conquest was "Tlahuica" territory, has one of the richest archaeological zones in Mexico.
Having an ideal climate for agriculture, rice, melons, tomatoes and an extensive variety of vegetables are grown in the State of Morelos all year round. Apart from the poinsettia (Euphorbia), which is the flower symbol of Cuernavaca, bougainvillea (Bougainvillaea) is found everywhere.
The State of Morelos counts with spas, most of them with natural sulphide waters, beautiful hotels all with swimming pools and the best accommodations. There are plenty restaurants in the state, most of the located in Cuernavaca with French, American, German, Italian, Chinese, Spanish, Kosher and Mexican food.
Three of the most beautiful Haciendas being Cocoyoc, Vista Hermosa and Cortes, the latter in Atlacomulco, have been converted into luxurious hotels.
The climate, being the main factor, makes it possible to practice many of your favorite sports and this gives the state and its capital the very well deserved titles of "Nearest Paradise" and "The City of Eternal Spring".