Info on Queretaro


General information
Official Name: Santiago de Querétaro
Conventional Name: Querétaro
Location: 200 km, (125 miles) north from Mexico City, DF.
Altitude: 2000 meters, 1.25miles
Rivers in the City:
Querétaro river, Juriquilla river and Pueblito river
Extension, in km2:
759.9km2 or 293.4 square miles (Santiago de Querétaro)
1530km2 or 590.7 square miles (Santiago de Querétaro and metropolitan area)
Population:
841,386 inhabitants (Santiago de Querétaro). 1,016,481 inhabitants (Santiago de Querétaro and metropolitan area)
The city of Santiago de Querétaro is conformed by the municipalities of Querétaro (841,386), Corregidora (74,558), El Marqués (71,397) and Huimilpan (29,140).
Economy:
Automotive Industry, servicies, tourism and manufacture
GDP per Capita: $13.780,00 (USD)
GDP: $13.103.190.000,00 (USD)
Local Festivites:
Fiestas de Santiago de Querétaro (aniversary of the foundation of the city) 23 to 30 July.
Fiesta de la Virgen del Pueblito (festivity of Our Lady of El Pueblito)
Jolgorio (cultural fair)
Feria de Navidad de Querétaro (Christmas Fair) 1 to 15 December
History
According to tradition, Querétaro was founded on 25 July, 1531. On this date Spanish Conquistador Hernán Pérez Bocanegra y Córdoba arrived with Otomí Indian Conín, the chief Jilotepec, to found the town of Querétaro. He is said to have won without resorting to arms after seeing a vision of the Cross and Saint Santiago, after whom the city was named.
The city's Convent of the Cross has a stone cross from the early Spanish era.
In 1656 the city was named "The Noble & Loyal City of Santiago of Queretaro", by Viceroy the Duke of Alburquerque; the title was confirmed in 1712 by King Philip V of Spain.
In 1726 an aqueduct was constructed which furnished the city's water until 1970.
On 13 September 1810 Epigmenio González was taken prisoner after starting an insurrection against the oppressive Corregidor Don Miguel Domínguez and his wife Doña Josefa Ortíz de Domínguez and conspiring against the Viceregal government. This is considered part of the birth of the Mexican independence movement.
In 1847 Querétaro was made capital of the Republic during the United States of America invasion in the Mexican-American War.
On 30 May, 1848 the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed here. Antonio López de Santa Anna ceeded to the United States of America the Mexican states of California and Nuevo México (today the US States of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and parts of Colorado and New Mexico). (Later in 1854 Santa Anna sold Mesilla territory (the south of Arizona and the remainder of New Mexico) to the USA in the treaty with James Gadsden.)
In 1867 the city was the last capital of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico. The Liberal Republicans defeated the Imperial Conservative forces here, and on 19 June Maximilian was shot here on the Hill of Bells ("Cerro de las Campanas") together with his Generals Miguel Miramón and Tomás Mejía.
Santiago de Querétaro was named capital of the Republic for the third time on 5 February, 1917, as the Proclamation of the Political Constitution of the United States of Mexico was established by President Venustiano Carranza at the Congressional Congress in the city's Teatro de la República.
In 1997, after some 70 years of Partido Revolucionario Institucional domination, the city and state government passed to the control of the Partido Acción Nacional.
Monuments and Places of Interest
Photograph of the Aqueduct
Mansion of "La Corregidora" (Government palace)
Government Palace of the City
Aqueduct
Historic Center Gardens
Museum of the City
State Regional Museum
Art Museum
Theater "El Corral de Comedias"
Theater "Cómicos de la Lengua"
Cineteatro (cinema and theater) "Rosario Solano"
Church of Santa Clara
Church of Santa Rosa de Viterbo
Mansion of Ecala
Important Events
National Anthem: the mexican national anthem was played for the first time in the "Teatro de la República" in the city.
National Constitution: the mexican constitution was written and signed also in the "Teatro de la República".
Mexico-USA War: the peace treaty of the war was signed in the city
Gastronomy
Enchiladas Queretanas: tacos made with corn tortillas, red and "ranchero" sauce and onion, with fried chicken, fried potatoes and carrots, covered with "asadero" cheese.
Source of Info: Here
More Info
(kara´täro) , officially Santiago de Querétaro, city (1990 pop. 385,503) and capital of Querétaro de Arteaga state, central Mexico. It is a distribution center with industries producing machinery and farm implements; the city's cotton mills are among the most important in Mexico. Querétaro is also a popular tourist center. An Aztec city, Querétaro was conquered by the Spanish in 1531. The conspiracy (1810) under Hidalgo y Costilla and Allende that led to the revolution against Spain was planned there. The city was the temporary capital of Mexico when the United States invaded (1847) during the Mexican War. In 1867, Emperor Maximilian and his generals Miguel Miramon and Tomás Mejia were forced to surrender and then taken out and shot on a hill outside the city. In 1917 the Mexican Constitution was written in Querétaro, which retains numerous colonial landmarks and is famous for its 18th-century aqueduct.
Source of Info: Here
Located 120 miles norhwest of México City in the fertile agricultural region known as the Bajío, Querétaro is 6,080 feet above sea level: Latitude 21 North; longitude 101 West.
For the most part, the climate is comfortable year round. You will find it hot during September days, gradually cooling as you move through the Fall. Average temperature in December: 59 . Nights throughout the year are usually cool. September and October can be big mosquito months.
The city, now some 800,000 people officially (unofficial estimates range up to one million), was originally inhabited by the Chichimeca Indians before being established as a Spanish town in 1531 by Hernán Bocanegra.
It was important in México's early independence movement in 1810, when Querétaro's Corregidora, Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez, notified conspirators that their plans had been discovered. This prompted Father Miguel Hidalgo in the town of Dolores to call his people to rise up in arms (the famous "Grito de Dolores"), beginning the war that eventually led to México's independence. Important treaties have been signed in Querétaro, and it was here that the Emperor Maximiliano, sent by France to rule over México, met his death on the Cerro de las Campanas.
In 1917, towards the end of the Mexican Revolution, the nation's constitution was written in Querétaro's Teatro de la República.
Beginning in the 1970's Querétaro's governor established a historic preservation district in the center of the city. Zoning legislation made possible the restoration of many square blocks of buildings dating from the Eighteenth Century. The system of andadores (pedestrian ways) coupled with restricted traffic on some streets has brought the heart of the old city back to life.
Querétaro can be reached by train and highway. Because it is economically stable, the city attracts new residents from all over the country. For this reason, it's hard to generalize about the type of culture you might expect, but you will see a variety of influences from different regions.
It is commonplace to observe that Querétaro is a very "Mexican" city. It is equally common to hear native Queretanos complain of the invasion by "chilangos"- residents of México D.F.
Even though it has a colonial heritage, it is not a tourist town. Rather, it is a middle-class, industrial city where Price Club, Kentucky Fried Chicken and McDonald's have their (recent) place along with more traditional commerce, and where traffic gets intense at the rush hours, just like home.
Source of Info: Here