Info on Bacalar


Bacalar is a city in the Quintana Roo state of Mexico, about 40 km north of Chetumal, at 18.67°N, 88.38°W. In 2003 the town had a population of about 10,400 people.
Bacalar is also the name of the lake or lagoon on the east side of the town.
Bacalar was a city of the Maya civilization in Pre-Columbian times. This was the first city in the region which the Spanish Conquistadores succeeded in taking and holding in 1543. In 1545 Gaspar Pacheco established the Spanish town here with the name Salamanca de Bacalar. The region of the southern half of what is now Quintana Roo was governed from Bacalar, answerable to the Captain General of Yucatan in Merida.
After the town was sacked by pirates in 17th century, the Fortress de San Felipe Bacalar was completed in 1729, and may still be visited today.
In 1848 Bacalar had a population of about 5,000 people. In 1848 during the Caste War of Yucatán rebellious Chan Santa Cruz Maya conquered the town. It was not retaken by the Mexicans until 1902.
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BACALAR HISTORY


Considered to be an important crossroad city for the North , West and South settlements of colonial times. It was built in 1545 by Spaniard Gaspar Pacheco who called it San Felipe de Bacalar ( still the official name but reduced to Bacalar for practical reasons) . The city was invaded and destroyed by pirates in 1642. Rebuilt in 1726 and again destroyed during the long Yucatan revolt Guerra de Castas. Newly reestablished in recent 1902. It is a modern charming town of 10,000 habitants but growing fast.
Bacalar is located in the south of the state of Quintana Roo, Yucatan Peninsula. Almost in the border with Belice and just 15 miles from Chetumal the state's capital city.
One of the highlights of recent times besides the beauty of this slow pace natural site , is the instalation of a duty free zone on the borde with Belice. INCREDIBLE SHOPPING and CASINO GAMBLING is attracting lots of people to this area. It is definetely a much better option to lodge in Bacalar rather than to stay in either burocratic Chetumal city nor in the free zone. Bacalar delivers !
Following the trend of tourism moving south along the Mexican Riviera , a new port destination of elegant cruise ships has instaled in the area. Majahual has become one of the most interesting stops for cruise passangers due to its proximity for top WORLD DIVING IN CHINCHORRO , Xcalac and the multiple archological sites in the area. Bacalar charming town offers also an excelent brake for passangers wanting to relax in firm land.
Lake Bacalar,Q. Roo MEXICO , Lagoon of the seven colors , is a retirement paradise. With a length of some 50 miles from North to South it seems like a wide turquoise river flowing through the jungle. Bacalar´s turquoise waters are enhanced by the deep green tone of the mangroves and reed beds.
Bacalar is one of the most interesting places for investing in Mexico. Water front lots and condos are still affordable. Safe and peaceful , this breathtaking turquoise lagoon is now becoming the favorite retirement option for American and Canadian senior citizens. Also young investors are now buying property forseeing a rapid appreciation . For more information on this subject please follow the link below.
Laguna Bacalar is the second largest sweet water lake in Mexico and still the best kept secret . Its breathtaking scenery is still little known by international tourism. But this will soon change since developers, retired or semiretired citizens, tourism and local authorities are now realizing the enormous potential of this incredibly beautiful area.
Located in the southern part of the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico , just 15 mi from the state's capital Chetumal and 3 hours from Cancun, it sits near the coast just before Belice and the river that divides Belize from Mexico. Bacalar lagoon is linked to the Rio Hondo by the Chaac canal. The perfect place to access the mayan ruins of Kohunlich and Chacchoben. Majahual, Costa Maya port . Care Free Retiring , Investing , Casino Gambling , Duty Free Shopping , Water Front condos, Premium Real Estate, Rentals . Costa Maya , Majahual , Chinchorro , Fishing , Restaurant , Spa , Safari Park , Cave diving , Windsurfing , Boating , Canoeing , Kayaking , Bird watching , Mayan ruins of Kohunlich and Chacchoben
BACALAR, Mexico Water Front condos,Care Free Retiring, Premium Real Estate, Rentals , Investing , Casino Gambling , Duty Free Shopping , Only 15 miles from state's capital Chetumal and 3 hrs from Cancun Airport. Costa Maya , Majahual , Chinchorro , Fishing , Restaurant , Spa , Safari Park , Cave diving , Windsurfing , Boating , Canoeing , Kayaking , Bird watching , Mayan ruins of Kohunlich and Chacchoben
Bacalar: Lagoon of the seven colors is a retirement paradise. With a length of some 50 miles from North to South it seems like a wide turquoise river flowing through the jungle. Bacalar´s breathtaking turquoise waters deliver.
Bacalar is one of the most interesting places for investing in Mexico. Water front lots and condos are still affordable. Safe and peaceful this breathtaking turquoise lagoon is now becoming the favorite retirement option for American and Canadian senior citizens. Also young investors are now buying property forseeing a rapid appreciation . For more information on this subject please follow the link below.
Bacalar lake is the second largest sweet water lake in Mexico and still the best kept secret . Its breathtaking scenery is still little known by international tourism. But this will soon change since developers, retired or semiretired citizens, tourism and local authorities are now realizing the enormous potential of this incredibly beautiful area.
Located in the southern part of the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico , just 15 mi from the state's capital Chetumal and 3 hours from Cancun, it sits near the coast just before Belice and the river that divides Belize from Mexico. Bacalar lagoon is linked to the Rio Hondo by the Chaac canal. The perfect place to access the mayan ruins of Kohunlich and Chacchoben. Majahual, Costa Maya port .
Laguna BACALAR & CENOTE AZUL Bacalar owes its name to the Mayan word Halal which means "place surrounded by reeds." and it features one of the most impressive and deep "holy holes" in the whole Yucatan Peninsula . Estimated deepness of this "holy hole" is about 200 mts. ( 600 ft )
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La antigua Bakhalal fue una población maya precolombina que llamó poderosamente la atención de los conquistadores españoles, quienes se esforzaron varias décadas para lograr su avasallamiento. Para 1528 se fundó la Villa Real a la orilla de la laguna y después de varios enfrentamientos armados, la población es abandonada por los españoles.
En 1544 Melchor Pacheco erige la nueva población hispana, con el nombre de Salamanca de Bacalar. Los siguientes dos siglos fueron testigos de múltiples escaramuzas entre los naturales de esta tierra y los europeos y en la primera mitad del siglo XVIII fue repoblada por familias procedentes de las Islas Canarias; poco después se construyó el fuerte de San Felipe para custodiar a sus habitantes tanto de los ataques mayas, como de piratas, corsarios y filibusteros establecidos en las inmediaciones del río Valis (hoy Belice)
En 1847 se inició la Guerra de Castas de Yucatán. El objetivo de los mayas era liberarse de la sujeción política y de la explotación económica que pesaba sobre ellos desde los tiempos coloniales; en 1850 fundaron la población de Chan Santa Cruz -actual Felipe Carrillo Puerto- teniendo como factor de cohesión el culto a la Cruz Parlante. Ocho años después, tras un sitio de casi dos lustros los mayas cruzoob ocuparon definitivamente Bacalar y aseguraron el abastecimiento de pertrechos de Guerra en Belice para continuar con su lucha.
Durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX los cruzoob dominaron la parte sudoriental de la península de Yucatán y fue hasta 1901 cuando el gobierno mexicano retomó el control de esta región. En los primeros años de este siglo Bacalar estuvo prácticamente deshabitado y en 1929 fue totalmente abandonado, iniciándose en los años treinta el repoblamiento definitivo del lugar.
Cabe señalar que el entorno selvático y el sistema hidrológico al que pertenece la laguna del mismo nombre, fue aprovechado durante la explotación maderera en el sur quintanarroense, ya que al estar conectada aquélla con el río Hondo -frontera con Belice- la salida de las trozas se efectuaba por esa vía a la Bahía de Chetumal, para llegar al puerto de Belice.
Escenario de diversos hechos históricos relevantes, sus aguas han visto pasar las antiguas embarcaciones mayas, barcos piratas y, según la tradición oral, por muchos años fueron cubiertas por las enormes balsas de madera en rollo que esperaban turno para ser transportadas a Europa y Estados Unidos.
Aproximadamente a 39 kilómetros, por la carretera rumbo a Mérida saliendo desde Chetumal, está asentada la población de Bacalar, a cuyo pie extiende el arco de sus azules una pupila de agua rodeada de manglares y carrizos. Esta laguna es muy alargada e irregular ya que tiene una extensión de 50 kilómetros de largo por 2 de ancho. El amanecer llena de dorados reflejos sus cristales. Tal vez porque el cielo parece fundirse con el agua, sus más antiguos habitantes la llamaron Syan Caan Bakhalal, y porque en sus orillas abundan los carrizos. Parte de sus aguas provienen de corrientes subterráneas y una serie de cenotes que engarza, hacen más cambiante su gama de azules. Separada en apariencia de ella está el Cenote Azul, un depósito de aguas dulces y profundas, rodeado completamente por la espesura.
Source of Info: Here